1. What is 600, or 600 Million?
- 600 and 600 Million are nicknames for 600 Million Stray Dogs Need You.
- 600 is a recently founded, IRS registered non-profit organization.
- 600 was started by Alex Pacheco, who also co-founded PETA in 1980.
- Alex served as the Chairman of PETA for 20 years before leaving.
- 600 is based in Florida, volunteer run and needs your help!
- Only some of the scientists are commissioned.
- About 600 million stray dogs suffer daily around the world, which is where the name is from.
Many stray dogs are inhumanely killed in many countries, by various methods including:
- Slitting their throats
- Beating them to death
- Drowning ... the list goes on.
- Photographs and videos of stray dogs being killed in these ways, are viewable on this site.
- In about 60 countries, there are essentially no meaningful laws against cruelty to animals.
2. Where can I get these birth control pills, formulas or products?
- The ones we are working on, are not available yet.
- We expect to have the first formula within 10 to 18 months of securing funding.
- Donations are needed - we receive no funds from the government nor from drug companies.
- More than one formula is being worked on.
- There are more than 100 birth control drugs and formulas, already known to exist.
- Of the finished formulas available, none can effectively solve the overpopulation problem.
- We are working on the first of several formulas to reduce animal and human suffering.
3. How will the formulas be administered?
- Each country will be different as each country has their own regulations.
- In the U.S. the FDA and the EPA will likely decide how these formulas will be administered.
- In the U.S. a prescription from a veterinarian will likely be needed.
- In impoverished countries (where the suffering is the greatest), prescriptions may or may not be required.
Distribution and application will also be decided by how the products are categorized in each country. For example, for use with feral dogs the products may be categorized as a pest control product, and come under wildlife regulations - meaning wildlife managers and licensed pest control companies might distribute the products. When the formulas are for use with companion dogs, they may likely come under the regulations for domesticated animals, which often require that a licensed veterinarian be involved to varying degrees.
In such situations the formula(s) will likely be pre-mixed into dog food or bait, and fed to the dogs at pre-established feeding stations which will likely be monitored by rabies control agency personnel and so on. Even though large quantities of these products can often be eaten without negative side effects, a number of additional precautions can also be taken out of an abundance of caution, to further control how much product is consumed, as feeding wild animals is nothing new. In general, stray dogs will only be fed these formulas once per year.
What follows is an abbreviated hypothetical example of a feeding station, using hypothetical names: A licensed animal control officer for Baghdad, under the direction of the Director of the Baghdad Rabies Control Department, will set up a very simple feeding station at the largest land fill in Baghdad, where a large number of stray dogs can be found year round. Each day at noon, the animal control officer will count or estimate, the number of stray dogs which are within sight, and record the number. Based on that number, a specific number of food bowls will be spread out in a manner to minimize the dogs interacting with one another and to minimize fighting-for-food amongst the dogs. Treated food (containing the formula) will be placed in the feeding bowls and the dogs will be allowed to eat. The idea is to try and have as many of the dogs that live at that particular land fill, eat the formula on the day, once per year. This is expected to be enough to dramatically reduce their population, if repeated each year.
Any uneaten formula / food can be collected so that it is not left behind.
Please note that any of the particulars in the above hypothetical situation may be changed at any time by government officials who have jurisdiction.
In many cases, local government agencies or their regional or national federal agencies, will often determine how the formulas are administered in their respective area. For example, on American Indian Reservations in the U.S., which are sovereign lands, Indian Tribal Council leaders may likely make such decisions, instead of the normal U.S. federal agencies.
4. Are these formulas intended for use with street dogs or shelter dogs?
In short: stray dogs ... and as soon as possible we will begin work on formulas for feral cats. There are multiple formulas, each different from the other, and there are multiple populations of target animals. We are focused primarily on formulas that we can address our first target - uncaptured stray or feral dogs who run loose and reproduce, and who have little to any likelihood of ever being captured or surgically sterilized.
These are the dogs likely to die on the street either from poisoning or by other inhumane means; dogs living in the alleys and garbage dumps of impoverished countries.
Our priority is to have these painless formulas, replace poison - as a means of stray dog population-control in much of the world.
As soon as we have a good handle on the dog formulas, we intend to move immediately onto formulas for feral cats.
5. Where will you use the formulas?
These will first be used in the poorest countries where the animal suffering is the greatest.
6. Are these formulas safe?
- Yes, when used as intended.
- We are working on different formulas, which thus far are safe when used as intended.
- We do not spend time on formulas that we consider to not be safe!
- These formulas, generally, do not use "brand new" active ingredients.
- There already exists a great deal of data on many of the key ingredients, such as zinc.
- In most instances, decades of data are available on key ingredients (such as zinc).
- One reason these formulas are safe when used as intended, is that they are intended to be consumed only once in a lifetime. Contrast this against traditional, typical human birth control pills, which are intended to be consumed over 5,000 times during a person's lifespan. Formulas which are taken frequently tend to have more side effects.
- In general the sterilization formulas are intended to be consumed only once, yet they can be consumed numerous times without negative side effects.
7. Won't these have to be approved?
- The answer depends on the country. In general, yes, and each country can be very different.
- In the U.S. the FDA and or the EPA will have to approve them, depending on their use.
- Other countries will have their own agencies approve them, to varying degrees.
8. Won't animal tests have to be done ?
To be clear, we will not and do not harm any animals, period.
In our work, no animals are harmed, no animals are injured, no animals are killed.
In our clinical trials, animals eat the formula and are then spayed or neutered, and they are then examined to determine the degree of their sterility.
Some are under the general impression that in the U.S. "all products" have to be tested on animals. This is simply not accurate. There are many products for example, which state
"Not Tested On Animals" on their labels.
While we do not do anything to harm animals, people sometimes confuse us with those who do perform harmful tests on animals. In either case, the extent of mandatory testing, if any, is often determined based on the answers to questions such as:
A) Which country is in control? ... India? Bangladesh? China?
B) What is the intended use of the formula(s)?
... to control rabies in stray dogs, or to treat "owned pets", or to sterilize rats?
C) What are the active ingredient(s) of the formula(s)?
... are they already known to be safe?
D) What claims are made or not made on the label(s) of the product(s)?
E) Who will be authorized to distribute the formula(s)?
Will the product be by prescription only, or over the counter?
After all of these questions have been answered, one will have a better ability to determine the answers regarding how much and what type of tests, may or may not be required by each country.
For example, one formula has zinc as it's active ingredient, and in general, for this formula in particular, we do not expect to be asked to perform traditional "animal tests" in many countries, for a number of reasons - and even if we were required to do so, we would not, and we would just have to live with the situation or find an appropriate alternative. A common reason why animal tests are not likely to be required by many countries: many agencies already recognize zinc as being harmless when used as intended.
Our clinical trials are performed outside the U.S., due to the extremely high costs in the U.S.
One option we have in our clinical trials is, for example: When a person adopts a dog that needs to be sterilized, once we obtain permission from the adopter, we can then give that dog the formula, before the dog leaves the shelter ... then the adopter brings the dog back 30 days later, and the dog is then surgically sterilized, at which point the sperm of the males, or the ovaries of the females, can be examined to determine if they are sterile. The dog goes back home after the surgery. Later the adopter brings the dog back in for routine health examinations so that we can monitor the well-being of the dog and continue to collect data.
To be continued.